Basic Healthcare For Your Cat

Basic Health Check

Ears
Bend the ear back gently and look inside, problems may arise if there is a large amount of discharge or a strong smell coming from the ear.

Mouth
Gently lift up the lip folds to check the teeth and open the jaw to check the mouth. The gums and tongue should be a salmon pink color, any redness or lumps could suggest a problem. Check the teeth for tartar, any large build up could need removing by your vet. If you notice your cat has bad breath, either generally or whilst health checking then please get them checked by your local vet.

Eyes
Check the eyes are clear, bright and free from discharge.

Nose
Check for any excessive discharge and also for any coughing or sneezing as this could be a sign of cat flu.

Body
Check the body all over for any lumps and bumps, note if any are changing in size or shape. Look for any bald patches, irritations, soreness or scabs on the skin, check for fleas and keep an eye on any excessive scratching or nibbling.

Look out for matts in long-haired cats, or older cats who may be unable to groom.

Feet
Lift the feet up and gently check the pads for any foreign bodies. Keep a close eye on the
length of nails; if your cat is predominately indoors then it may struggle to maintain a
short claw length.

Bottom
Keep an eye on your cat’s feces, as an upset stomach can be a sign that your cat is
unwell.

A cat will struggle to let us know if they are in pain or unwell, however these subtle signs
could mean all is not well:

  • Lethargic
  • Restless
  • Not eating/eating less
  • Excessive drinking
  • Keeping to themselves, not wanting to be fussed
  • Out of the ordinary behavior

As well as a basic health check, your cat will need to visit the vet for annual vaccinations.

Worms

An infestation of worms can be easily prevented with regular worming treatment. This can be quite a serious problem in kittens and cats; it also poses a small risk to you and your family. There are many types of inexpensive worming treatments that can be bought from your vet, which can be easily administered at home.

Fleas and ticks

Fleas and ticks cause discomfort as they feed on your cat’s blood; they can also encourage the spread of disease. They can thrive in your house and furnishings due to the warm environment. They are usually picked up by your cat from the outside although they can travel into the house in many ways. Ticks and fleas can be kept under control with regular treatment which comes in many different forms, please discuss your cat’s individual requirements with your vet.

After you have given your cat a health check make sure you give them a fuss and some treats. If at any point they are not happy with being checked over then stop and try another time.

Your cat should have regular check-ups at the vets for general body condition, weight and teeth. Your cat should be groomed on a regular basis in order to ensure good coat condition and owner/cat bond; this is especially the case in long haired cats. Owners should also monitor their cat’s weight and feed the appropriate diet in order to keep the
teeth healthy.